Zeitgenössische Kunst ist Kunst, insbesondere Bildende Kunst, die von Zeitgenossen hergestellt und von anderen Zeitgenossen als bedeutend wahrgenommen wird. In der Regel − falls nicht ausdrücklich ein definierter, zurückliegender, Zeitrahmen genannt wird („Zeitgenössische Kunst des 19. Jahrhunderts“) − ist damit die jeweilige Gegenwartskunst gemeint. Vergleichbare Benennungen in diesem Zusammenhang sind aktuelle Kunst sowie der englischsprachige Begriff contemporary art.
Mit den Begriffen Zeitgenössische Kunst, Gegenwartskunst und contemporary Art ist keine Aussage hinsichtlich Konzept, künstlerischem Stil, Technik, Form sowie hinsichtlich Zugehörigkeit zu einer künstlerischen Strömung, Bewegung bzw. Gruppe verbunden. Zeitgenössische Kunst kann Malerei sein, aber beispielsweise auch in einer Form vorliegen, die sich erst in den jeweils letzten Jahren und Jahrzehnten etablierte, wie beispielsweise Videokunst, Performance, Konzeptkunst oder auch die abstrakte Metallplastik.
Some define contemporary art as art produced within “our lifetime,” recognizing that lifetimes and life spans vary. However, there is a recognition that this generic definition is subject to specialized limitations.
The classification of “contemporary art” as a special type of art, rather than a general adjectival phrase, goes back to the beginnings of Modernism in the English-speaking world. In London, the Contemporary Art Society was founded in 1910 by the critic Roger Fry and others, as a private society for buying works of art to place in public museums. A number of other institutions using the term were founded in the 1930s, such as in 1938 the Contemporary Art Society of Adelaide, Australia, and an increasing number after 1945. Many, like the Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston changed their names from ones using “Modern art” in this period, as Modernism became defined as a historical art movement, and much “modern” art ceased to be “contemporary”. The definition of what is contemporary is naturally always on the move, anchored in the present with a start date that moves forward, and the works the Contemporary Art Society bought in 1910 could no longer be described as contemporary.
Particular points that have been seen as marking a change in art styles include the end of World War II and the 1960s. There has perhaps been a lack of natural break points since the 1960s, and definitions of what constitutes “contemporary art” in the 2010s vary, and are mostly imprecise. Art from the past 20 years is very likely to be included, and definitions often include art going back to about 1970, and sometimes further, especially in museum contexts, as museums which form a permanent collection of contemporary art inevitably find this ageing. Many use the formulation “Modern and Contemporary Art”, which avoids this problem. Smaller commercial galleries, magazines and other sources may use stricter definitions, perhaps restricting the “contemporary” to work from 2000 onwards. Artists who are still productive after a long career, and ongoing art movements, may present a particular issue; galleries and critics are often reluctant to divide their work between the contemporary and non-contemporary.
Contemporary art can sometimes seem at odds with a public that does not feel that art and its institutions share its values. In Britain, in the 1990s, contemporary art became a part of popular culture, with artists becoming stars, but this did not lead to a hoped-for “cultural utopia”. Some critics like Julian Spalding and Donald Kuspit have suggested that skepticism, even rejection, is a legitimate and reasonable response to much contemporary art. Brian Ashbee in an essay called “Art Bollocks” criticizes “much installation art, photography, conceptual art, video and other practices generally called post-modern” as being too dependent on verbal explanations in the form of theoretical discourse.
kunst der gegenwart – kunst ist gegenwart – gegenwärtiges wird alt – alte kunst? – contemporary art berlin – tobias breyer – kunstwort
VERSCHWENDETE ZEIT? – GESCHENKTE ZEIT? – WERTVOLLE ZEIT?
DU HAST KEINE ZEIT! SCHAU WEG!
IST NUR KUNST! GEH WEITER! NIX PASSIERT!
ISS NICH SCHLIMM! KOMMT ZEIT KOMMT WUT! RUHEZEIT!